Validation of the Dutch Glasgow Anti- psychotic Side-Effect Scale for Clozapine
Background To monitor the unique side effect pattern of clozapine, the Glasgow Antipsychotic Side-effect Scale for Clozapine (GASS-C) was developed in English and validated. This questionnaire was previously translated to Dutch, and revised, but not yet validated.
Aim The current study concerns the validation of the second revision of the GASS-C-NL-R2 for the Dutch language.
Method Two Spearman correlation tests were conducted to compare GASS-C-NL-R2 with the Dutch version of the Liverpool University Neuroleptic Side-Effect Rating Scale (LUNSERS) at two time p´oints. There was one week between these two time points. The test-retest reliability was determined using a Spearman correlation test and Cronbach’s alpha on the GASS-C-NL-R2 between the two time points. In addition, a factor analysis was performed.
Results Spearman’s correlation coefficient between the GASS-C-NL-R2 and the LUNSERS was 0.830 (p < 0.001, n = 72) at the first time point and 0.684 (p < 0.001, n = 50) at the second time point. GASS-C-NL-R2 also had a strong test-retest reliability: Spearman’s correlation coefficient was 0.680 (p < 0.001; n = 46), and Cronbach’s alpha was 0.847, n = 78. Factor analysis showed that all questions were relevant.
Conclusion The current study shows that GASS-C-NL-R2 is a valid and reliable questionnaire to monitor side effects related to clozapine with a relatively high prevalence. Future studies should focus on the practical utility of GASS-C-NL-R2 with a larger sample size.