Trends in emergency admissions in Amsterdam. Fifteen years of emergency psychiatry in an increasingly crowded city
background The Temporary Holding Department (toa) is a link between the 7/24 service and the admissions departments. We examined the make-up of the admission cohorts and the use of isolation between 2001 and 2017 in the context of demographic developments and changes in the mental healthcare sector.
method Comparison of patient data in four cohorts who came in during four consecutive periods.
results The number of admissions rose from 408 a year in the period 2001-2003 to 728 in the period 2013-2016. The proportion of voluntary admissions increased from 4 to 33%, while emergency compulsory admissions (ibs) fell from 83 to 54%. The proportion of admissions of Dutch people from outside Amsterdam and of people from other countries rose from 11 to 23%. The percentage of patients with schizophrenic disorder rose from 25 to 32%, the percentage with mood disorder from 14 to 20% and the percentage with drug-related disorders from 3 to 7%. Assessment at a police station and the classification psychotic disorder were predictors of compulsory admissions (under the terms of the Dutch bopz act). Men under the age of 45 who were admitted compulsorily were more likely to be isolated. The percentage of patients isolated during admission fell from 37% to 20%, and the length of the periods of isolation also declined. conclusions The increase in the annual number of admissions to the toa indicates, in the context of population growth and the rise in tourism, that there is a shortage of available beds in regular admissions departments in Amsterdam. Over the course of fifteen years, the number of Dutch nationals from outside Amsterdam and foreigners doubled. Due to policy and/or as a result of the increased proportion of patients admitted voluntarily, the use of isolation decreased.