Model fidelity of flexible assertive community treatment (F-ACT) teams: five years of audit results
background The Flexible act (f-act) has been introduced in the Netherlands since 2004, alongside the Assertive Community Treatment (act) model. An estimate of 400 (f-)act teams concurrently provide care to approximately 70.000 people with serious mental illness. The ccaf has been assessing the model fidelity of act and f-act teams since 2009 to promote the quality and transparency of healthcare for clients with serious mental illness. objective To describe the state of implementation of f-act and associated trends in the Netherlands.
method Analysis of the ccaf database, which holds the data of audits conducted between 2009 and 2014.
results The audits conducted by ccaf between 2009 and 2014 indicated an adequate implementation of f-act. The team foundations were well organized, featuring a multidisciplinary team structure, management of medication, practical support and investment in healthcare continuity, including during an admission. However, the results regarding participation and recovery were unsatisfactory. Furthermore, the results depicted a decline in the scores concerning a number of areas, including outreach and support of participation and recovery. conclusions Although the data indicates an on average satisfactory implementation of f-act in the Netherlands, there are signs that the implementation of f-act is under pressure with relatively fewer home visits, a rising caseload and a reduced investment in recovery and participation. The findings are in accordance with the signs and arguments to adjust the emphasis on reducing hospital admissions, prioritizing the consolidation of outpatient care instead.