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# Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie 46 (2004) 5, 323 - 327

#### Case report

##### Non-malignant or malignant catatonia: a distinction with important consequences

Summary The catatonic syndrome is discussed on the basis of the recent literature and two case studies. A distinction can be made between the malignant form and the non-malignant form of the catatonic syndrome, each being dealt with separately. The malignant form is a life-threatening syndrome which can be treated effectively with electroconvulsive therapy. The treatment of choice for the non-malignant form consists of benzodiazepines.

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