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Tvp21 11 omslag kijk verder

Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie 62 (2020) 11, 936 - 945

Review article

The efficacy of physical activity on psychiatric symptoms and physical health in people with psychiatric disorders: a systematic review of recent meta-analyses

D. Vancampfort, T. Scheewe, T. van Damme, J. Deenik

background Physical activity (PA) has been introduced in the sixties as standard care in the mental health care systems of The Netherlands and Belgium.
aim To summarize the recent meta-analytic evidence of PA in the prevention and treatment of depressive disorders, anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, bipolar disorders, substance use disorders, adhd, autism, and eating disorders.
method medline/PubMed, Psycarticles and Embase were searched from January 1st, 2015 until January 31st, 2020 for meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials and cohort studies.
results There is strong evidence for the beneficial effects of PA in the treatment of mild and moderate depression in children / adolescents and adults, severe depression, anxiety disorders and psychotic disorders in adults and reductions in adhd-symptoms in children. PA reduces the risk for depression, anxiety and to a lesser extent also psychosis. PA also improves cardiorespiratory fitness and quality of sleep in people with a psychiatric disorder.
conclusion There is trans-diagnostic scientific evidence for the beneficial effects of PA on psychiatric symptoms and physical health in people with a psychiatric disorder.

keywords exercise, physical activity, physical health, psychiatric symptoms, systematic review