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Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie 42 (2000) 10, 751 - 758

Review article

Effectivity of individual psychotherapy in schizophrenia

L. de Haan, J.M. Bakker

aims The authors discuss, through a literature review, the effectiveness of individual psychotherapy in addition to the standard pharmacological treatment in schizophrenia.
methods Literature review (1989-1999) of randomized controlled trials.
results Individual psychotherapy, in addition to the standard pharmacological treatment, improves outcome measures by 0.46 standard deviation. Long-term individual psychotherapy decreases the number of psychotic and affectively disturbed episodes in patients living with family members. Individual cognitive-behavioural therapy results in a clinically relevant decrease in psychotic symptoms resistant to treatment with antipsychotic medication.
conclusion Individual psychotherapy is effective in addition to pharmacological treatment in subgroups of patients with schizophrenia.

keywords psychotherapy, review, schizophrenia