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Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie 62 (2020) 11, 955 - 959

Review article

The role of spirituality in psychiatry: important but still unclear

H.J.R. Hoenders, A.W. Braam

background There is an increasing interest in spirituality in relation to psychiatry.
aim Exploring the place and meaning of spirituality in mental healthcare.
method A narrative review of recent developments and results of scientific studies.
results Spirituality is related to better (mental) health, wellbeing and longevity, but definitions and conceptualisation are still unclear. Clinical attention is recommended, including awareness of certain risks, but these are not systematically investigated in psychiatry.
conclusion Spirituality seems to be an important lifestyle factor, that correlates positively with (mental) health, but there is a need for better definitions, conceptualisation and recommendations based on scientific research. A multidisciplinary guideline for psychiatry seems desirable.

keywords lifestyle, psychiatry, spirituality