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Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie 43 (2001) 1, 31 - 40

Review article

Cognitive behaviour therapy in borderline personality disorder

A. Hauwaert, G. Pieters

background Until recently the concept of 'personality (disorder)' has received little attention in behaviour therapy.
aims To describe several cognitive-behavioural approaches to personality disorders that have been developed.
method Literature review.
results Cognitive-behavioural approaches to personality disorders are characterised by a declining confidence in conditioning models and environmental determinism, and increasing acceptance of nonconscious processes, emotional processes and the importance of the therapeutic relationship. Young's Schema-Focused Therapy and Linehan's Dialectical Behavioral Therapy specifically target patients with borderline personality disorder. They are both presented by their authors in a well structured way.
conclusions Cognitive-behavioural approaches to personality disorders differ in the amount of outcome research they have generated. They were developed independent of each other and share several common features.

keywords borderline personality disorder, cognitive behaviour therapy